Essay structure headings

There are a number of significant problems facing the tourist industry today Pryer, Some of the most worrying concern the potential danger to the environment politically, physically and culturally; the place of tourism in the economy of many countries is also an issue…. Analyse key verbs used i. These verbs give you some idea of the approach to use in your answer. Outline the main stages of changes in tourism since The key verbs here, justify, outline, evaluate, diagnose need to be looked at carefully because they indicate the approach you are expected to take when you prepare and write the essay.

A dictionary can prove an invaluable help here. The other words in the question can provide the key to the subject matter you will need to include in your answer i. Next you will need to ask yourself what you need to find out. Your idea-generating session should have given you some idea of the areas to follow.

Your sources are likely to be books, people, magazines, journals, electronic resources and the media. Some topics require you to research more, some to think and analyse more. First, analyse the question and decide what it wants you to do. Next, re-write it in an easily understandable form.


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Your notes will vary according to you and your style — make any that seem relevant to the subject area, at any time — put the information into a box, or special essay file. This practice can help produce originality. When you get to this point, you need to start to think about the reader of your essay.

The Basics

What you say must be clear and easy to follow, not a mass of unrelated points. Facts are important but not alone, they should be used in an organised way. You are now at the stage where you will begin to group your material. There are various ways of doing this. For example:. Once groups have been established, it is important that the sequence of ideas is organised. In other words, in what order will your information or comments come in the essay?

When the material and ideas have been organised in sequence you can begin to write the essay. Each paragraph should contain a controlling idea, or topic sentence which links and anticipates. Support sentences will expand on the idea in this sentence, by giving examples or re-emphasising the point in some way, so that the reader grasps the main point of the paragraph.

A Short Guide on How to Write a Critical Essay - A Research Guide

Write or word process your rough copy. This can be done in sections or written up in its entirety from the organised notes. Each person has their own preference.


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One useful method is the half-page system which leaves space for annotation and possible alteration to the sequencing of points. The introduction and conclusion should be written after the main body paragraphs have been written and organised. This ensures that what the essay says is supported at either end.

An introduction should outline the basis of your essay, giving the reader an indication of what you will be writing about or discussing. Ford provided that you then proceed to justify the statement. Henry Ford did not, which is why he is given credibility as an expert on cars, not history.

For a 1,word essay an introduction of approximately words would be appropriate. A conclusion should pull an essay together. A positive finish is also a good idea. You may summarise your arguments in the concluding paragraph, drawing together the threads of an argument but also reminding the reader that your essay hopefully has proved the points you set out to make.

A final paragraph for a 1,word essay would be words in length. Academic writing must be objective in its approach; that is, students are not simply asked for opinions subjective , but to analyse, judge and propose, using evidence. For this reason, the use of the personal pronouns I, we, you… should be avoided. You may, however, give supported judgements which use references, including examples of data to offer perceptive comment.

Essays should be presented word processed as directed on A4 paper.

You should use clear, simple English. Slang and jargon should not be used and long, rambling sentences should be avoided. Your grammar sentence structure, use of vocabulary… should be considered carefully, as should punctuation. Together with research and planning, these areas make an impression on the reader. Appendices are not usually necessary for an essay. However, you should make your sources clear at the end of the essay. Shorter, succinct quotations relating to a particular point can be very effective. Most work is now required to be submitted anonymously. Please follow any specific guidelines given in your assignment brief.

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Writing an essay

The following instructions give you the University standard for presenting your written work for assessment: it is strongly recommended you follow these instructions as you are assessed on presentation in written assignments. Should a lecturing team require you to present your work in any format and style other than these instructions, they will directly inform you of this.

These instructions aim to ensure that all work you submit will be presented in a professional and consistent manner. Unless you are specifically instructed otherwise, all submitted work should be word-processed. Where necessary, some diagrams may have to be drawn by hand, but the majority of work should be produced using appropriate software. Think very carefully before adding decorative features like WordArt, page borders or Clip Art to any piece of academic work. Such additions are unlikely to improve the work, and often serve only as a distraction.

Therefore, generally, these are best avoided. The use of colour is permissible, and may be particularly useful if you are presenting charts or diagrams. This can be done by trying to link each paragraph to the other. Reports often include the following features:. An introduction - h ere you say what you are going to be discussing in the report and why the report is important. Discussion - i n this section you discuss your results. Reports often include graphs and tables , essays do not.

This means that you don't try to sway your reader with your own opinions and viewpoints but you put your points across using proof and evidence.

Introduction

With this in mind, in reports and essay writing personal pronouns Example: I should be avoided. In both reports and essays an introduction will be included to show the purpose of the piece of work, and a conclusion to sum up the key points. The main body of both texts should be written in a logical well ordered way. Search this Guide Search. Academic Support: Reports and Essays Here you will find useful directions to the variety of study support services available to you..